Anonymous Stonemasons

cuckoo

In the enclosure of the bedlam there are some statues

Scrupulously sculpted by anonymous sculptors

Who have passed by and disappeared into the world,

Forgetting these works under the sign of nobody !

 

The sturdy stones begin to fight against each other in the pile

With their broken bodies moistened with green lichen –

A glory in the mud I saw:

Titans have fallen from sockets, posthumous decays !…

 

A world of profiles carved by a fine chisel –

With crashes, with defeats of their grandiose purpose !

An Anonymous World in which the Rock Top Mime

Creeps, is confused with the anonymous sculptor !

 

Sublime Michelangelo, look at your brave sons

How, locked in the rock, they are born to be slaves forever !

Tudor George, Pietrarii anonimi

translated from Romanian by Marcel Rus

Advertisements

#anonymous, #bedlam, #decays, #enclosure, #glory, #grandiose-purpose, #lichen, #michelangelo, #mud, #nobody, #pile, #rock, #sculptors, #sign, #slaves, #sockets, #statues, #stonemasons, #stones, #works, #world

Sinking into Chaos

The world no longer appears as an ideal place in which what happens or what is rational must happen. It does not guarantee on all the victory of the forces of good, of an ideal natural and moral order. On the contrary, the general tendency of the universe is to entropy and chaos.

time We swim upstream against a great torrent of disorganization that tends to reduce everything in balance and uniformity, to the thermal death described by the second law of thermodynamics. What Maxwell, Boltzmann and Gibbs understand through thermal death in physics has a correspondent in the Kirkegaard’s ethics, who showed that we live in a chaotic moral universe.

In this chaotic universe, our primary duty is to introduce arbitrary order and system enclaves. These enclaves won’t remain here indefinitely after we established them, just like the Red Queen from Lewis Carroll’s Through the Looking Glass book. In the country led by Red Queen the earth turns so fast that just running at the same speed in the opposite direction you can stand still.

We cannot stay where we are unless we run as fast as we can. We are not fighting for a definitive victory in an undefined future. The greatest possible victory is to be, to continue to be and to have been.

No defeat can deprive us of the success of having existed at some point in time in a universe we are indifferent to. This attitude doesn’t mean defeatism, but rather the sense of tragedy that dominates the world, a world where necessity is represented by the inevitable disappearance of differentiation.

from Norbert Wiener, I Am a Mathematician

#balance, #chaos, #death, #defeatism, #disorganization, #enclaves, #entropy, #forces-of-good, #ideal-place, #moral-order, #physics, #rational, #system, #tendency, #torrent, #tragedy, #uniformity, #unverse, #victory, #world

Predetermination

Determinism is a view about the world, based on the belief that what is happening everywhere is predetermined (established, fixed, determined) and therefore necessary, which leads to the conclusion that the events could not have happened otherwise than they happened.

determinism1The intuitive idea of determinism can be summed up by saying that the world is like a movie: the image that is now projected represents the present. Those parts of the movie that have already been played are the past, and those that haven’t yet been presented are the future.

In the movie the future coexists with the past; and the future is fixed, exactly the same, as the past. Although the spectator may not know the future, each future, without exception, could in principle be certainly known. In fact, the future is even known by the film producer – The Creator of the World.

The idea of determinism is of religious origin, although there are great religions that believe in nondeterminism  – the doctrine claiming that at least some events are not fixed in advance.

Religious determinism is linked to the ideas of divine almighty, the power to fully determine the future, and divine omniscience, which implies that the future is already known to God, being fixed in advance.

determinism

Besides religious determinism, there is a form of the deterministic doctrine which I call it “scientific”. From a historical point of view, the idea of “scientific” determinism can be seen as a result of replacing the idea of God with the idea of nature, and the idea of divine law with the law of nature.

Nature or perhaps the law of nature is omnipotent and omniscient. They fix everything in advance. In contrast to God, whose will is hidden from sight and can be known only by revelation, the laws of nature can be discovered by man’s reason with the help of his experience. And if we know the laws of nature, then we can foresee the future based on present day data by purely rational methods.

Characteristic of all forms of deterministic doctrine is that every event in the world is predetermined: if at least one future event is not predetermined then determinism must be rejected, nondeterminism being true.

from Karl Popper, The Open Universe

#belief, #determinism, #divine-law, #doctrine, #events, #fix-in-advance, #future, #god, #idea, #image, #law-of-nature, #movie, #nature, #nondeterminism, #omnipotent, #omniscience, #past, #predetermination, #present, #religious-origin, #revelation, #spectator, #view, #world

The Words

heavy-rain

The words never cry

Though, corolla, gather in them

All the pain of the world.

 

The words never laugh

Though in them enjoy

All the gladness of the earth.

 

Dutiful and wise words

Never laugh and cry

Though in them

Happiness and sadness of the world

Are intertwined.

Mircea M. Pop, Cuvintele

translated from Romanian by Marcel Rus

#corolla, #cry, #earth, #gladness, #happiness, #never, #pain, #sadness, #wise, #words, #world

The Stars

brilliant-image-of-stars

The stars are so close to me,

When the living waters mirror them in the waves;

Gold, glass, smoke beads.

 

 Shadowy stars, fire stars,

The seas of the world are turned by itself;

Gold, glass, smoke beads.

 

And drifting waves bring them to the shore,

We ourselves are the flame, ourselves are the stars;

Gold, glass, smoke beads.

Ecaterina Staicu, Stelele

translated from Romanian by Marcel Rus

#beads, #ecaterina-staicu, #flame, #glass, #gold, #living-waters, #marcel-rus, #seas, #shore, #smoke, #stars, #waves, #world

Morality and Atheism

Existentialist atheism affirms that God doesn’t exist, but then there is at least one being whose existence precedes the essence, a being that existed before being defined by a concept, and that being is man…

il_fullxfull-270453411 What is meant here by the statement that existance precedes the essence ?

This mean that man first exist, is situated, is emerging in the world, and then he is defined. As he is conceived by existentialism, man is undefined because at first he is nothing. But then he will something, and he will be what he does himself. So there is no human nature, because there is no God to create it.

Dostoievsky wrote: “If God doesn’t exist, then everything is permitted”. This is the starting point of existentialism. Indeed, everything is permitted if God doesn’t exist, and consequently man is abandoned because he finds neither in himself, nor outside, any possibility that he can cling. He can no longer apologize.

If indeed existence precedes the essence, we will never be able to explain something reffering to a established or fixed nature; in other words, there is no determinism, man is free, man is freedom.

3-surreal

On the other hand, if God doesn’t exist then we don’t find any value or ordinance to legitimize our behavior. Today we have neither justification, nor excuses, in the bright field of values. We are alone, without excuses.

If we suppressed God, then one has to invent the values. The things must be interpreted as they are. In fact, to say that we invent the values doesn’t mean anything: life has no established meaning. Before you live, life is nothing; but you are those who give it meaning, and values is nothing but meaning you give to life…

from J. P. Sartre, Existentialism is a Humanism

#atheism, #behavior, #being, #concept, #defined, #determinism, #dostoievsky, #essence, #existence, #existentialism, #freedom, #god, #human-nature, #life, #man, #meaning, #meant, #morality, #sartre, #statement, #undefined, #value, #world

The Absurd of Idealism

A more careful reading of the novel Don Quixote by Miguel de Cervantes shows us that unlike Sancho Panza, who is obsessed with the idea of enrichment, Don Quixote is obsessed with the idea that the order of the world should be grounde on: social justice and elimination of the oppression.

don q 1 “I came to the world to remove the injustice”, always says Don Quixote, for who the true purpose of life is not his own fame, but the benefits that his actions may cause.

And, through so many deprivation, suffering and humiliation, he continues to fight and suffer for the others, to distroy evil and to triumph truth and righteousness.

The character of Don Quixote is built up of a sums of moral values, showing all the time generosity, courage, renunciation, soul purity, disinterest, stoicism, tendency to action and, in general, the ideal to achieve himself in good and beautiful. In this regard, Don Quixote is one of the most beautiful characters that the Renaissance literature had created.

On the other hand, the hero misses these nobile ideals, as shown in the episode of the battle against the windmills, as well as from the other subsequent episodes, mainly for three reasons: he doesn’t fit his deeds into true necessities, doesn’t know how to pursue his intentions according to his real possibilities and the ideals he wants to implement don’t correspond to the concrete circumstances.

But Cervantes emphasizes the hero’s ensemble of moral virtues because in his conception what serves the moral and social progress of mankind is precisely these virtues. Cervantes’s humanist cultural attitude manifests itself particularly in those hero’s speeches, whose eloquence then proceeds with a perfect clarity of logic and purity of expresion.

don-quixote

In the novel is also presented the general decline of Spain, a decline that is severely judged. The leaders of Spain, about whom Sancho says “he doesn’t give a damn about them”, just think of stealing and spending the wealth of the country. Instead of any virtues they display their arrogance, forgetting that the true nobility is based on virtue; the noble rank is inherited, but virtue is conquered.

Neither the other stancheon of the Spanish state, the Church, is forgiven. The priests of that time were said to be small in their hearts, that they only think about food and urge the rich to be hunks.

Finally, Cervantes’s true democratism is in the attention he pays to the characters of the people, very numoerous and varied, objectively presented, defective, but in who beautiful moral attributes predominate.

from Cristina Ionescu, Renasterea in Spania

#absurd, #arrogance, #character, #church, #courage, #deeds, #democratism, #depravation, #don-quixote, #enrichment, #evil, #fight, #generosity, #humilition, #idealism, #injustice, #literature, #mankind, #miguel-de-cervantes, #moral-values, #nobility, #noble-ideals, #novel, #oppression, #order, #progress, #purity, #renaissance, #righteousness, #sancho-panza, #social-justice, #speeches, #stoicism, #suffering, #truth, #virtues, #windmills, #world